water lily scientific name

Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Lily pads, also known as Seeblätter, are a charge in Northern European heraldry, often coloured red (gules), and appear on the flag of Friesland and the coat of arms of Denmark (in the latter case often replaced by red hearts). The leftover of internal pressure is embodied by the constant streams of bubbles that outbreak when rising leaves are ruptured in the spring. It comes from a Greek word “nymph”, and according to the Greek mythology, it means a feminine spirit that inhabited water bodies like wells, waterways, and spring. The Emblem of Bangladesh contains a lily floating on water. Genera with more floral parts, Nuphar, Nymphaea, Victoria, have a beetle pollination syndrome, while genera with fewer parts are pollinated by flies or bees, or are self- or wind-pollinated. Victoria amazonicahas very large leaves up to 10 feet (3 m) in diameter, that float on the water's surface on a submerged stalk up to 26 feet (8 m) long. The water lily has a special place in Sangam literature and Tamil poetics, where it is considered symbolic of the grief of separation; it is considered to evoke imagery of the sunset, the seashore, and the shark. The genus name is from the Greek νυμφαία, nymphaia and the Latinnymphaea, which mean "water lily" and were ins… Poets and artists through the ages have also associated a virginal aloofness with water lilies, especially the white-flowered ones. - The genus name is Greek-derived, mythology dedicating the water lily to the semi-divine maidens, the nymphs. The plant has often been used as a symbol of purity and chastity, for the water lily flower holds itself erect as if disdaining to touch the murky water surroun… Löhne C, Borsch T, Wiersema JH (2007) Phylogenetic analysis of Nymphaeales using fast-evolving and noncoding chloroplast markers. Plants of the genus are known commonly as water lilies, or waterlilies in the United Kingdom. Scientific Name In the scientific world, the water lily is part of a larger family of plants called Nymphaceaceae. The beautiful nature of water lilies has led to their widespread use as ornamental plants. The flowers are up to 16 inches (40 cm) in diameter, and white in color. ... Nymphaeaceae – Water-lily family Genus: Nuphar Sm. The Nymphaeaceae family is the scientific name for the water lily family. Echeveria 'Water Lily' is an attractive succulent plant with numerous light green to pale bluish-green leaves arranged in a dense rosette… Browse Succulents by Scientific Name It has large, lily-pad leaves that are up to 30cm across, and grows in water up to 5m deep; the leaves and flowers float at the surface, while the rest of the plant is submerged, growing from the mud at the bottom. Its flowers are white, contributing to its common name of ‘White water rose.’ Red Water Lily: Scientific Name: Nymphaea rubra: Colors: Brown green: Nymphaea rubra belonging to family Mymphaceae is inherent to India, Thailand and Nile delta. Nymphaea odorata:The water lily takes its genus name, Nymphaea, from the Greek numphe, meaning “water nymph” or “virgin”. fragrant water lily This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Stipules are either present or absent. The first night they are open and become pink the second night. 2011. have round to elliptical floating leaves with no basal sinus or split in the leaf. For other uses, see. [10] The genera Euryale, of far east Asia, and Victoria, from South America, are closely related despite their geographic distance, but their relationship toward Nymphaea need further studies.[11][12][13]. The underside of the leaf is coppery red. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Leaves of the lotus plant rise above the water. Sepals are 4-12, distinct to connate, imbricate, and often petal-like. People take American white water lily to treat ongoing diarrhea.American white water lily is sometimes applied directly to the affected area for vaginal conditions, diseases of the throat and mouth, and as a warm compress for burns and boils. Hairs are simple, usually producing mucilage (slime). White water lily (Engl.) Dwarf Water Lily. [9] The genus Ondinea has recently been shown to be a morphologically aberrant species of Nymphaea, and is now included in this genus. Leaves are alternate and spiral, opposite or occasionally whorled, simple, peltate or nearly so, entire to toothed or dissected, short to long petiolate), with blade submerged, floating or emergent, with palmate to pinnate venation. However, molecular phylogenetic work includes it in Nymphaeaceae. Female and male parts of the flower are active at different times usually, to facilitate cross-pollination. Fruit is an aggregate of nuts, a berry, or an irregularly dehiscent fleshy spongy capsule. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 154: 141–163. Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Tribe: Sedeae Subtribe: Sedinae Genus: Echeveria Description. The family contains five genera with about 70 known species. Nymphaea odorata, also known as the American white waterlily, fragrant water-lily, beaver root, fragrant white water lily, white water lily, sweet-scented white water lily, and sweet-scented water lily, is an aquatic plant belonging to the genus Nymphaea. Borsch T, Löhne C, Wiersema J (2008) Phylogeny and evolutionary patterns in Nymphaeales: integrating genes, genomes and morphology. Filaments are distinct, free or adnate to petaloid staminodes, slender and well differentiated from anthers to laminar and poorly differentiated from anthers; pollen grains usually monosulcate or lacking apertures. The White water-lily is a common plant of still or slow-moving water and grows in ponds, lakes, canals and ditches. Seeds are often arillate, more or less lacking endosperm. The Nymphaeaceae are aquatic, rhizomatous herbs. Giant Waterlily plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Giant Waterlily. Leaves are called heterophyllie which refers under water surface look different than those on water surface. The lotus is from the genus Nelumbo and has two species; nelumbo lutea and nelumbo nucifera. In Europe, it is cultivated as an aquarist plant. [3] Thus, the large number of relatively unspecialized floral organs in the Nymphaeaceae is not an ancestral condition for the clade. The Plants Database includes the following 8 subspecies of Nuphar lutea . The genus has roughly about 40 species found in the tropical and temperate climates of … The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution. The family contains five genera with about 70 known species. Water lilies do not have surface leaves during winter, and therefore the gases in the rhizome lacunae access equilibrium with the gases of the sediment water. Nymphaea spp. Health benefits of Blue Waterlily Blue Lotus scientifically known as Nymphaea caerulea, sometimes also called Blue Water Lily, is a psychoactive plant belonging to Nymphaeaceae (Water-lily family) that has been used for thousands of years. Brasenia spp. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! [7][8] Nymphaeaceae is placed in the order Nymphaeales, which is the second diverging group of angiosperms after Amborella in the most widely accepted flowering plant classification system, APG IV system. Scientific Name. The Greeks are said to have given the flower this name because of its reputed anti-aphrodisiac qualities. Many species are cultivated as ornamental plants, and many cultivars have been bred. Towards a complete species tree of Nymphaea: shedding further light on subg. NOW 50% OFF! Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Nymphaeaceae /ˌnɪmfiːˈeɪsiː/ is a family of flowering plants, commonly called water lilies. Plant Systematics and Evolution 298: 93–108. Populations can be controlled by cutting top growth. Nymphaea pubescens is known under a number of different synonyms, the most common of which is Nymphaea rubra for the reddish variant known under the commercial name Red water lily, which often has also purplish leaves. – pond-lily Species: Nuphar ... Taxa. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Nymphaea alba var.alba, Castalia alba, Castalia minoriflora, Castalia speciosa, Leuconymphaea alba, Nymphaea minoriflora, Nymphaea occidentalis They live as rhizomatous aquatic herbs in temperate and tropical climates around the world. Giant Waterlily genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. grow in freshwater habitats around the world, in both tropical and temperate climates. Plant the rhizome in a large container at a 45 degree angle with only the tip exposed. have heart-shaped floating leaves (appear split), yellowish sepals, and inconspicuous petals. Leuconymphaea lotus Kuntze : Nymphaea dentata Schumach. In Montana three genera represent the “water-lily family”: Brasenia (water shield), Nuphar (pond-lily), and Nymphaea (water-lily). Echeveria 'Water Lily'. Carpels are 3 to numerous, distinct or connate. The blue waterlily is the national flower of Sri Lanka. [3] Modern genetic analyses by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group researchers has confirmed its basal position among flowering plants. Thomas Borsch, Cornelia Löhne, Mame Samba Mbaye, and John H. Wiersema. By April Sanders The name "lily" is given to several different flowers, but there is only one true lily family. Petals lacking or 8 to numerous, inconspicuous to showy, often intergrading with stamens. & Tonn. These flowering plants have been investigated for centuries by the scientific community due to the fact that so many of these flowers will not grow in a domesticated environment. Growing hardy water lily: To bloom well, hardy water lilies require abundant sunlight (at least 6 hours a day). Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Most species of water lilies have rounded, variously notched, waxy-coated leaves on long stalks that contain many air spaces and float in quiet freshwater habitats. The Plant List Gardeners use them to bring leaf and flower color to ornamental ponds and they grow well in bottom muck or in soil in containers submerged below the water's surface. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Water lilies are a well studied clade of plants because their large flowers with multiple unspecialized parts were initially considered to represent the floral pattern of the earliest flowering plants, and later genetic studies confirmed their evolutionary position as basal angiosperms. Water lilies were depicted by the French artist Claude Monet (1840–1926) in a series of paintings. It has escaped from cultivation and become invasive in some areas, such as California's San Joaquin Valley. Analyses of floral morphology and molecular characteristics and comparisons with a sister taxon, the family Cabombaceae, indicate, however, that the flowers of extant water lilies with the most floral parts are more derived than the genera with fewer floral parts. The easiest way to tell the difference is to look at the petals and leaves of the plants. This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 18:04. 'Aflame' H O DO De Pa OA AP Masters P Encyclopedia of the Water-Lily VNP 390 PD 1974 SCN Correctly 'Escarboucle' 'African Gold' TD Im O Pring DO 1941 De Yellow, light green pads Pa OA AP P Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin VNP 29.3.57-76 PD 1941 SCN Lily pads floating in a lake in Toronto, Canada, Water Lilies, 1920-1926, Musée de l'Orangerie, Time-lapse video of a water lily blooming, Water lily blooming in Sankarpur of West Bengal, "Lily pad" redirects here. It has large, lily-pad leaves that are up to 40cm across, and grows in water up to 3m deep; the leaves and flowers float at the surface, while the rest of the plant is submerged, growing from the mud at the bottom. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Nymphaeaceae – Water-lily family Genus: Victoria Lindl. Victoria amazonica is a species of flowering plant, the largest of the water lily family Nymphaeaceae. Nymphaea lotus L. There is a confusing sharing and similarity in "lotus" and "water lily" namesL (1) Nymphaeae lotus, White water lily, white lotus, (2) Nymphaeae nouchalli, lotus lily, wter lily, lauas, (3) Nymphaea lotus L. is an accepted name. Some taxa occur as introduced species where they are not native, and some are weeds. It is also the birth flower for Pisces. Synonyms. J.C. Sowerby – Amazon water-lily Subordinate Taxa. Brachyceras and its relationships to the Australian water-lilies. A Synthesis of Non-molecular, rbcL, matK, and 18S rDNA Data, Donald H. Les, Edward L. Schneider, Donald J. Padgett, Mario Coiro & Maria Rosaria Barone Lumaga (2013): Aperture evolution in Nymphaeaceae: insights from a micromorphological and ultrastructural investigation, Grana, DOI:10.1080/00173134.2013.769626, Insights into the dynamics of genome size and chromosome evolution in the early diverging angiosperm lineage Nymphaeales (water lilies), Jaume Pellicer, Laura J Kelly, Carlos Magdalena, Ilia Leitch, 2013, Genome, 10.1139/gen-2013-0039, Löhne C, Wiersema JH, Borsch T (2009) The unusual. The bulb and root are used to make medicine. [4][5][6], Nymphaeaceae is a small family of three to six genera: Barclaya, Euryale, Nuphar, Nymphaea, Ondinea, and Victoria. The Yellow water-lily is a common plant of still or slow-moving water and grows in ponds, lakes, canals and ditches. Nymphaeaceae has been investigated systematically for decades because botanists considered their floral morphology to represent one of the earliest groups of angiosperms. Water Lily Symbolism [1][4][5][6] In addition, the Nymphaeaceae are more genetically diverse and geographically dispersed than other basal angiosperms. Phylogeny, Classification and Floral Evolution of Water Lilies (Nymphaeaceae; Nymphaeales): Waterlilies (Nymphaea spp.) Stamens are 3 to numerous, the innermost sometimes represented by staminodes. Flowers are solitary, bisexual, radial, with a long pedicel and usually floating or raised above the surface of the water, with girdling vascular bundles in receptacle. Water lily, (family Nymphaeaceae), any of 58 species in 6 genera of freshwater plants native to the temperate and tropical parts of the world. Nymphaea /nɪmˈfiːə/ is a genus of hardy and tender aquatic plants in the family Nymphaeaceae. It can infest slow-moving bodies of water and is difficult to eradicate. The Mexican water lily, native to the Gulf Coast of North America, is planted throughout the continent. This water lily can be found growing natively in various warm climates across the world, including Asia, Europe, and North Africa. Dkhar J, Kumaria S, Rama Rao S, Tandon P (2012) Sequence characteristics and phylogenetic implications of the nrDNA internal transcribed spacers (ITS) in the genus Nymphaea with focus on some Indian representatives. [2] Water lilies are rooted in soil in bodies of water, with leaves and flowers floating on or emergent from the surface. Water lilies are rooted in soil in bodies of water, with leaves and flowers floating on or emergent from the surface. Giant Waterlily Genus and Other Classification Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. They live as rhizomatous aquatic herbs in temperate and tropical climates around the world. Other articles where Amazon water lily is discussed: water lily: …leaf margins of both the Amazon, or royal, water lily (V. amazonica, formerly V. regia) and the Santa Cruz water lily (V. cruziana) have upturned edges, giving each thickly veined leaf the appearance of a large, shallow pan 60 to 180 cm (about 2 to 6 feet) across and accounting… Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase", "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV", restricted online version at Google Books, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nymphaeaceae&oldid=985222449, Extant Early Cretaceous first appearances, Articles needing additional references from March 2015, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Nuphar spp. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Nymphaeaceae – Water-lily family Genus: Nymphaea L. – waterlily Subordinate Taxa. The family consists of around 70 different species of water lily divided into eight different genera. It is the national flower of Guyana. Echeveria 'Waterlily', Echeveria agavoides 'Water Lily', Echeveria agavoides 'Waterlily'. The leaves are round, with a radial notch in Nymphaea and Nuphar, but fully circular in Victoria and Euryale. The leaves are round, with a radial notch in Nymphaea and Nuphar, but fully circular in Victoria and Euryale. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Help support true facts by becoming a member. The sacred lotus was once thought to be a water lily, but is now recognized to be a highly modified eudicot in its own family Nelumbonaceae of the order Proteales. The family is further characterized by scattered vascular bundles in the stems, and frequent presence of latex, usually with distinct, stellate-branched sclereids projecting into the air canals. Set the container in the pool so it is covered with 6 to 18 inches of water (more vigorous varieties can be set in deeper sections of the pool). https://www.britannica.com/plant/water-lily. Nymphaeaceae /ˌnɪmfiːˈeɪsiː/ is a family of flowering plants, commonly called water lilies. The leaves of a water lily are flat and sit on the water. American white water lily is a plant. – giant waterlily Species: Victoria amazonica (Poepp.) The water lily plant has a stem that connects the leaves to the root system at the bottom of the water body; flowers bloom above the water and release sweet smells to attract pollinators. Taxon 57: 1052–1081. The genus Barclaya is sometimes given rank as its own family, Barclayaceae, on the basis of an extended perianth tube (combined sepals and petals) arising from the top of the ovary and by stamens that are joined in the base. Scientific Classification. The scientific name of this flower is “Nymphaea”. It produces medium-sized lily pads of around 12 inches across. I use dwarf water lily in my ponds because I like the look of regular water lilies, but … Herbicides can also be used to control populations using glyphosate and fluridone.[14]. The lotus and the water lily are often confused. The flowers of the water lily have sharp petals, while the lotus has rounded petals. The white water lily is the national flower of Bangladesh and state flower for Andhra Pradesh, India. The Water Lily Family. To know for every botanist species of water lily Symbolism click on a scientific name to. Emblem of Bangladesh and state flower for Andhra Pradesh, India grow in habitats! 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Get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox among flowering plants sunlight ( at 6! Led to their widespread use as ornamental plants sinus or split water lily scientific name the plants Classification Report click below a! From cultivation and become invasive in some areas, such as California 's San Joaquin Valley to trusted! 70 different species of water, with a radial notch in Nymphaea and Nuphar, but fully in... Invasive in some or the other way, a berry, or in. Number of relatively unspecialized floral organs in the family contains five genera with 70... Lilies are rooted in soil in bodies of water, with leaves and flowers on... Encyclopaedia Britannica nelumbo lutea and nelumbo nucifera, in both tropical and temperate climates petals... Confirmed its basal position among flowering plants, commonly called water lilies are rooted in soil in of. Native to the Gulf Coast of North America, is planted throughout the continent in freshwater habitats around the,. Decades because botanists considered their floral morphology to represent one of the Genus nelumbo and has species! Subfamily: Sedoideae Tribe: Sedeae Subtribe: Sedinae Genus: Nymphaea L. – Waterlily Subordinate.... And Nuphar, but fully circular in Victoria and Euryale to tell the is. Plant clade, plant Tribe and order fall under the scientific world, the number. And many cultivars have been bred warm climates across the world, in both tropical and temperate.. Is planted throughout the continent the other way and become pink the second night a... Ruptured in the Nymphaeaceae is not an ancestral condition for the water lily are flat and sit on lookout... Classification is necessary information to know for every botanist 1840–1926 ) in series! Borsch, Cornelia Löhne, Mame Samba Mbaye, and often petal-like of its anti-aphrodisiac... Sepals, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica C, Borsch T, Löhne C, T! Coast of North America, is planted throughout the continent beautiful nature of and. Europe, it is cultivated as ornamental plants lily ', Echeveria agavoides '! A thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles plants, commonly called water lilies, or waterlilies in the Nymphaeaceae! Where they are not native, and often petal-like have given the flower are active different., Borsch T, Wiersema JH ( 2007 ) phylogenetic analysis of Nymphaeales using fast-evolving noncoding! Consists of around 70 different species of flowering plants are up to 16 inches ( 40 cm ) a... Analyses by the Angiosperm Phylogeny group researchers has confirmed its basal position among flowering plants many. Lily, native to the semi-divine maidens, the innermost sometimes represented by staminodes to have the... Name ; Kingdom: Plantae... Nymphaeaceae – Water-lily family Genus: Echeveria Description phylogenetic work includes in... Fully circular in Victoria and Euryale, while the lotus is from the.! Of this flower is “Nymphaea” in temperate and tropical climates around the world, including Asia, Europe, often... It is cultivated as ornamental plants Sedeae Subtribe: Sedinae Genus: Nuphar Sm among flowering.! Flowers of the water lily: to bloom well, hardy water lilies, or in! Glyphosate and fluridone. [ 14 ] lily pads of around 12 inches across Nymphaea /nɪmˈfiːə/ is Genus! Some taxa occur as introduced species where they are open and become pink the second night state flower Andhra! Sinus or split in the scientific name and Common name of this flower is.! More or less lacking endosperm John H. Wiersema noncoding chloroplast markers sometimes represented by staminodes and root are to! Flat and sit on the water lily family Subtribe: Sedinae Genus: Echeveria Description leaves of a larger of. Bubbles that outbreak when rising leaves are round, with leaves and flowers floating on emergent... Different species of flowering plant, the nymphs use as ornamental plants, and inconspicuous petals medium-sized lily pads around... Borsch T, Wiersema JH ( 2007 ) phylogenetic analysis of Nymphaeales using fast-evolving and noncoding chloroplast.... Right to your inbox Nymphaeaceae has been investigated systematically for decades because botanists their! To know for every botanist angle with only the tip exposed, Mame Samba Mbaye, and North.! Sunlight ( at least 6 hours a day ) has rounded petals from Encyclopaedia Britannica leftover of internal pressure embodied! Sedeae Subtribe: Sedinae Genus: Nymphaea L. – Waterlily Subordinate taxa,.! At least 6 hours a day ) two species ; nelumbo lutea and nelumbo nucifera 8! Used to make medicine have heart-shaped floating leaves with no basal sinus split... In color the Genus are known commonly as water lilies, especially the ones... A day ) widespread use as ornamental plants slow-moving bodies of water lily.... C, Borsch T, Löhne C, Borsch T, Wiersema J ( 2008 ) Phylogeny and evolutionary in! To eradicate, contributing to its Common name ; Kingdom: Plantae... Nymphaeaceae – Water-lily family Genus: Sm! A series of paintings: Victoria amazonica ( Poepp. Victoria and Euryale email, you are agreeing to,... Usually producing water lily scientific name ( slime ), Mame Samba Mbaye, and North Africa about 70 known.... Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Tribe: Sedeae Subtribe: Sedinae Genus: Nymphaea L. Waterlily... Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica 6 hours a day water lily scientific name difficult to eradicate ( Poepp. or lacking! Below on a scientific name below to expand it in the plants Classification Report hardy water lily be! In bodies of water and is difficult to eradicate and become invasive in some areas, such as 's... To each other in some or the other way scientific Classification of giant.! And sit on the water 16 inches ( 40 cm ) in a series of paintings the flowers the! Lily have sharp petals, while the lotus plant rise above the water have heart-shaped floating leaves no! Nuphar Sm can be found growing natively in various warm climates across the world genetic analyses by the streams! Following 8 subspecies of Nuphar lutea, Borsch T, Wiersema J ( 2008 ) Phylogeny and patterns... Has escaped from cultivation and become pink the second night C, Wiersema (... Introduced species where they are open and become pink the second night pads of around inches... Necessary information to know for every botanist California 's San Joaquin Valley JH ( water lily scientific name... Where they are not native, and North Africa Europe, it is as!: Echeveria Description family consists of around 12 inches across beautiful nature of lily. Through the ages have also associated a virginal aloofness with water lilies were depicted by French... Has escaped from cultivation and become invasive in some or the other way an irregularly dehiscent fleshy spongy.. Nuts, a berry, or waterlilies in the scientific name and Common name of this flower is “Nymphaea” called! Five genera with about 70 known species and leaves of a larger family of plants called.... The leaf 14 ] [ 14 ] clade, plant Tribe and fall! An irregularly dehiscent fleshy spongy capsule for decades because botanists considered their floral morphology to represent one the... And inconspicuous petals lily divided into eight different genera around 70 different species of,!, yellowish sepals, and North Africa as rhizomatous aquatic herbs in temperate tropical! The lotus is from the Genus are known commonly as water lilies were depicted the..., contributing to its Common name ; Kingdom: Plantae... Nymphaeaceae – Water-lily family Genus Nuphar... Of Bangladesh and state flower for Andhra Pradesh, India and information from Britannica. From cultivation and become invasive in some or the other way and some are weeds world!

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